• Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
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Jean d'Aire

Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Signed A.Rodin
Inscribed Alexis Rudier Fondeur. Paris with interior raised signature and apocryphal inscription A monsieur F.M.
Bronze with rich dark patination, with brown and green highlights
Height: 18 7/16" (46.8 cm)

Conceived between 1887 and 1895. This example cast between 1915 and 1917. The Comité Rodin states that at least fifty casts of this model were produced between 1899 and 1960


The individual figure of Jean d’Aire was originally conceived in 1887 and then re-modelled in this reduced size in 1895. This example was cast within Rodin’s lifetime, between 1915 and 1917 by the Alexis Rudier foundry. The Comité Rodin estimates that at least fifty casts of this sculpture were made between 1899 and 1960 by the Perzika, François Rudier, Alexis Rudier and Georges Rudier foundries.

In 1347 the Hundred Years War was raging between England and France. Jean de Froissart’s Chronicles report that, as Edward III took the city of Calais, he displayed the ‘limit of his clemency’ by condemning six of the city’s most prominent citizens to leave their hometown, stating that ‘with these six I shall do as I please, and the rest I will spare’. These men agreed to meet their fate to save their fellow citizens. They were then spared upon request of the Queen of England, who was moved by their bravery. Five-hundred years later, the recognition of their gesture became the subject of one of Auguste Rodin’s most famous sculptural groups: The Burghers of Calais.

The monument is formed of over life size figures of the six men in Jean de Froissart’s account. Rodin started working on the first maquette for the piece in 1885, but delivered the finished work only ten years later, in 1895. In this time lapse, he worked extensively on the definition of each character’s stance and facial expression, immortalising the six men as they walk towards the English camp, leaving Calais behind. Due to the sculpture’s success, Rodin decided to cast bronze reductions of five of the figures composing it, namely Pierre and Jacques de Wiessant, Jean de Fiennes, Eustache de Saint Pierre and Jean d’Aire. The present bronze is a lifetime cast of the latter figure, which was produced during by Rodin’s his favourite foundry, Alexis Rudier, between 1915 and 1917.

Jean d’Aire was the second citizen of Calais to offer himself as a sacrifice to the English forces during the siege of Calais, as Jean de Froissart explains, 'Then another greatly respected and wealthy citizen, who had two beautiful daughters, stood up and said that he would go with his friend, master Eustache de St Pierre'.

As with all the burgers, Rodin modeled Jean d’Aire a number of times. The present work is a reduction of the model used by Rodin in his final group. This differs from the study for the second maquette, which shows the burger carrying a number of keys on a small pillow. Rodin also created a nude study of the figure.

In the present model we see Jean d’Aire carrying the key to the city. Clad in a monks robe his head is held high even in this most defeating of moments. The work is not only the most iconic of all of Rodin’s burgers, but also his most popular. Rodin himself was incredibly pleased with the model, keeping a monumental version in his own possession until his death in 1917. This example is now in the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon.

Works by Auguste Rodin

Iris, Messagère des Dieux (Messenger of the Gods), Study without Head, Small Model - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

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Torse Masculin (Masculine Torso) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Torse Masculin (Masculine Torso)


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Le Baiser (The Kiss), 3rd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 3rd Reduction


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Eustache de Saint Pierre - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Eustache de Saint Pierre


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Andrieu d'Andres - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Andrieu d'Andres


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Jean d'Aire - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Jean d'Aire


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Jean de Fiennes


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Pierre de Wiessant - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Pierre de Wiessant


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse Zoubaloff - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Zoubaloff


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse á Genoux (Kneeling Faunesse) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse á Genoux (Kneeling Faunesse)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Moyen Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Moyen...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Main 20 (Hand 20), Petit Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Main 20 (Hand 20), Petit Modèle


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Nijinsky - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Nijinsky


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Buste de l'Âge d'Airain (Bust of the Age of Bronze) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Buste de l'Âge d'Airain (Bust of the ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Portrait de Danseuse Cambodgienne (Portrait of Cambodian Female Dancer), Princess Sumphady? - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Portrait de Danseuse Cambodgienne (Po...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Croquis d'après les Tombeaux des Médicis par Michel-Ange Á Florence - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Croquis d'après les Tombeaux des Médi...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Accroupie de Face (Female Figure Squatting, Frontal View) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Accroupie de Face (Female Figur...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Nue aux Bras Levés Posant sur un Socle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Nue aux Bras Levés Posant sur u...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Couple Saphique (Sapphic Couple) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Couple Saphique (Sapphic Couple)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Petite Figure Accroupie (Small Crouching Figure) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Petite Figure Accroupie (Small Crouch...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Nue a la Jambe Droite Soulevée (Nude Woman Raising her Right Leg) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Nue a la Jambe Droite Soulevée ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Mère et Enfant (Mother and Child) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Mère et Enfant (Mother and Child)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Petit Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Petit...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 2nd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 2nd Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

The Kiss, 4th Reduction  - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

The Kiss, 4th Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 4th Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 4th Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring), 4th Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring),...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Balzac, étude type c (buste) 3ème version, grand modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Balzac, étude type c (buste) 3ème ver...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), version with simple rock - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Eve, Small Model - Model with a Square Base and Flat Feet - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Eve, Small Model - Model with a Squar...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Pas de Deux - Movement de Danse Type G - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Pas de Deux - Movement de Danse Type G


Auguste Rodin

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Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), Version au Rocher Simple - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring), 3rd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring),...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Fugit Amor, Large Model, Second Version - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Fugit Amor, Large Model, Second Version


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Masque de l'Homme au Nez Cassé (Mask of A Man With A Broken Nose) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Masque de l'Homme au Nez Cassé (Mask ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Maquette for the Burghers of Calais - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Maquette for the Burghers of Calais


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Bather with Sandals - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Bather with Sandals


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Right Hand 27 - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Right Hand 27


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Le Penseur (The Thinker) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Penseur (The Thinker)


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