• Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
  • Jean de Fiennes - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd
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Jean de Fiennes

Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Signed A. Rodin
Inscribed Alexis Rudier Fondeur. Paris with interior raised signature
Bronze with a dark brown patination and lighter green and brown highlights
Height: 17 17/18" (45.6 cm)

Conceived between 1887 and 1899. This example cast between 1920 and 1925. The Comité Rodin states that at least fifty casts of this model were cast between 1899 and 1963


The individual figure of Jean de Fiennes was originally conceived in 1887 and then re-modelled in this reduced size in 1899. This example was commissioned by the Musée Rodin and cast between 1920 and 1925 by the Alexis Rudier foundry. The Comité Rodin estimates that at least fifty casts of this sculpture were made between 1899 and 1963 by the Perzika, François Rudier, Alexis Rudier and Georges Rudier foundries.

In 1347 the Hundred Years War was raging between England and France. Jean de Froissart’s Chronicles report that, as Edward III took the city of Calais, he displayed the ‘limit of his clemency’ by condemning six of the city’s most prominent citizens to leave their hometown, stating that ‘with these six I shall do as I please, and the rest I will spare’. These men agreed to meet their fate to save their fellow citizens. They were then spared upon request of the Queen of England, who was moved by their bravery. Five-hundred years later, the recognition of their gesture became the subject of one of Auguste Rodin’s most famous sculptural groups: The Burghers of Calais.

The monument is formed of over life size figures of the six men in Jean de Froissart’s account. Rodin started working on the first maquette for the piece in 1885, but delivered the finished work only ten years later, in 1895. In this time lapse, he worked extensively on the definition of each character’s stance and facial expression, immortalising the six men as they walk towards the English camp, leaving Calais behind. Due to the sculpture’s success, Rodin decided to cast bronze reductions of five of the figures composing it, namely Pierre and Jacques de Wiessant, Jean d’Aire, Eustache de Saint Pierre and Jean de Fiennes - the subject of the present bronze, which was cast in 1945 by Rodin’s favourite foundry, Alexis Rudier.

Following his usual studio practice, Rodin first created nude studies of Jean de Fiennes in order to define its anatomical features, and then clothed the sculpture later. Jean’s figure, the youngest of the Burghers, is slender and unadorned. As he steps forward with his right foot, his torso and head are turned slightly to the right. His overall posture, outstretched arms and facial expression denote the character’s resignation in the face of looming destiny. It is impossible for the viewer to understand to whom his gesture is directed. Is Jean looking towards one of the family members he is leaving behind? Or is he addressing one of his comrades? By eliminating any external point of reference, Rodin forces the viewer to concentrate their attention on the Burgher’s personal drama. In this light, Jean de Fiennes is highly representative of Rodin’s artistic language, which is strikingly able to convey universal emotions through the particularised depiction of one single character.

Another example of this sculpture is part of the collection of the Legion of Honour Museum in San Francisco. Its monumental versions can be admired in twelve cities around the world, including Calais, Paris, London, D.C. and Tokyo.

A. Rodin, Burghers of Calais, Victoria Tower Gardens, Westminster, London

A. Rodin, Nude studies for Jean de Fiennes and Jean d’Aire, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra

A. Rodin, Maquette for the Burghers of Calais, Bowman Sculpture

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Works by Auguste Rodin

Dosia - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Dosia


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

 Le Frère et la Soeur (Brother and Sister) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Frère et la Soeur (Brother and Si...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Giganti, Torse Masculin (Torso of Giganti) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Giganti, Torse Masculin (Torso of Gig...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Étude pour le Secret (Study for the Secret) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Étude pour le Secret (Study for the S...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Torse Masculin (Masculine Torso) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Torse Masculin (Masculine Torso)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Buste de Victor Hugo (Bust of Victor Hugo) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Buste de Victor Hugo (Bust of Victor ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 3rd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 3rd Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse Zoubaloff - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Zoubaloff


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse á Genoux (Kneeling Faunesse) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse á Genoux (Kneeling Faunesse)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Moyen Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Moyen...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Main 20 (Hand 20), Petit Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Main 20 (Hand 20), Petit Modèle


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Nijinsky - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Nijinsky


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(French, 1840-1917)

Portrait de Danseuse Cambodgienne (Portrait of Cambodian Female Dancer), Princess Sumphady? - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Portrait de Danseuse Cambodgienne (Po...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Croquis d'après les Tombeaux des Médicis par Michel-Ange Á Florence - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Croquis d'après les Tombeaux des Médi...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Accroupie de Face (Female Figure Squatting, Frontal View) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Accroupie de Face (Female Figur...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Nue aux Bras Levés Posant sur un Socle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Nue aux Bras Levés Posant sur u...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Couple Saphique (Sapphic Couple) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Couple Saphique (Sapphic Couple)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Petite Figure Accroupie (Small Crouching Figure) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Petite Figure Accroupie (Small Crouch...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Femme Nue a la Jambe Droite Soulevée (Nude Woman Raising her Right Leg) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Femme Nue a la Jambe Droite Soulevée ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Mère et Enfant (Mother and Child) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Mère et Enfant (Mother and Child)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Petit Modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Éternelle Idole (Eternal Idol), Petit...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 2nd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 2nd Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 4th Reduction  - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Baiser (The Kiss), 4th Reduction


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring), 2nd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring),...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring), 4th Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring),...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Balzac, étude type c (buste) 3ème version, grand modèle - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Balzac, étude type c (buste) 3ème ver...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), Simple Rock Version - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Eve, Small Model - Model with a Square Base and Flat Feet - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Eve, Small Model - Model with a Squar...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), Version au Rocher Simple - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Faunesse Debout (Standing Faunesse), ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring), 3rd Reduction - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

L'Éternel Printemps (Eternal Spring),...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Masque de l'Homme au Nez Cassé (Mask of A Man With A Broken Nose) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Masque de l'Homme au Nez Cassé (Mask ...


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

Maquette for the Burghers of Calais - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Maquette for the Burghers of Calais


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(French, 1840-1917)

Bather with Sandals - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Bather with Sandals


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(French, 1840-1917)

Le Penseur (The Thinker) - Auguste Rodin, Bowman Sculpture Ltd

Le Penseur (The Thinker)


Auguste Rodin

(French, 1840-1917)

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